Can people with HIV (AIDS) practice weight training?

It is known that human immune deficiency syndrome, the acronym in English HIV or Portuguese AIDS, is a disease which is caused by a retrovirus that attacks the cells of the immune system, preventing the body from promoting its defensive effects on the body and leaving the individual susceptible to attacks by viruses and bacteria, causing illnesses and problems to AIDS patients.

We also know that AIDS, or HIV, is very controllable, in the face of medical advances. It is possible to use medicines with low side effects (despite their potency) which alleviate some symptoms of the disease. It is important to note that HIV alone does not kill the individual, but the damage caused by it to the immune cells can result in complications that lead the individual to death if he / she does not have due medical care.

There are some factors in the treatment of HIV which can further improve the quality of life of these individuals who, in turn, can have long periods of life absolutely normal. Among these assistants is precisely the bodybuilding practice, which helps the same in physical, psychological and also metabolic aspects. So, right away, it can be said that yes, people with HIV can do weight training, and must also adhere to active lifestyle habits.

So in this article, we’ll comment a little more than how weight training can help an individual with HIV and, more than that, how it can help to promote aesthetic results desired by them.

Shall we understand a little more about it?

The physiological effects of weight training

We know that individuals with HIV tend to have a weakened immune system and we know that high levels of physical activity can promote excessive oxidative damage, as well as damage related to inflammatory processes. However, this would not be a problem for a person with the immune system in perfect condition, which is not the case with HIV.

This does not mean that he should not and cannot exercise with high intensity weight training, but that treatment must always be up to date in order to minimize the damage caused by external stimuli and to assist in the recovery of the body, which tends to be slower for people who have this disease.

Bodybuilding and AIDS

Adapting the body little by little and adding intensity little by little, it becomes possible for the individual to practice bodybuilding and seek YES aesthetic results which will be very satisfactory if he dedicates himself and does everything correctly.

It is also possible to see that AIDS patients have a very large loss of muscle mass and develop sarcopenia. This excessive catabolism can also be controlled with the practice of weight training as it increases the production of anabolic hormones, such as Testosteronethe GH and IGFs, especially the IGF-1.

It is essential, however, that the activity levels are properly compatible with the needs and conditions of that person, as we are looking for an anabolic state to the body through the stimulation of weight training. However, it can become a catabolic state if physical exercise is in excess. I recommend, in general, for individuals who are already with relatively stable disease, to use training systems like MAX-OT. It is important to make the most of the recruitment of white fibers in the body to be efficient in increasing and / or maintaining lean mass for these individuals.

Typically, people with HIV also tend to have high rates of bone loss. Weight training can also improve the musculoskeletal system as a whole, bones, joints, ligaments, tendons and other soft structures.

The physical effects of bodybuilding

People who have HIV also need to take extra care of their physique.

First because they need to have good levels of lean mass and a good bone structure so you can have a good quality of life. In addition, the aesthetic factors themselves are important, as individuals who begin to lose excessive amounts of weight or even modify their body may not have self-acceptance.

Bodybuilding can certainly improve these aspects as well, since it will assist in the increase and / or maintenance of lean mass, improve strength, motor coordination, endurance and even general structures of the musculoskeletal system, as previously mentioned.

For an AIDS carrier is it convenient to practice aerobics?

Aerobics are normally used for two main purposes: Increase the individual's energy expenditure, thereby increasing their ability to burn body fat and / or for the purpose of increase endurance and improve the cardiovascular system.

Therefore, the aerobics can be beneficial for individuals with AIDS because they improve cardiovascular aspects and endurance, but they can be a disadvantage compared to energy expenditure. Therefore, it is important to measure the amounts and intensities of the aerobic activities practiced in order to have a good balance.

Still, it is important to replace all the expenses lost in these activities (both macronutrients and micronutrients). So, essentially you may need some electrolyte replenishing supplements and maybe some carbohydrates and proteins depending on the case. It is important to emphasize weight training and use aerobic training only as an adjunct to your search for results.

The psychological and social effects of bodybuilding

If you do not have any type of illness, then you should be grateful for this. Diseases are always bad and affect not only the person who has it, but close people as well. And it is no different with AIDS, especially due to the levels of prejudice that, unfortunately, still exist. In addition, the individual's own image distortion (or self-image in many cases) can result in low self-esteem or even dissatisfaction with themselves. thinking this way, yes, weight training can also be very convenient in these cases.

Through bodily changes, we are able to maintain a relatively good and fully functioning body. This will make the way the individual sees himself, improve a lot and he will feel motivated. THE weight training also promotes the release of hormones and neurotransmitters which are related to the feeling of well-being and pleasure, and this also contributes to that person's mood levels. Among them, we can cite dopamine, noradrenaline itself, serotonin, Among others.

Friends at the gym

Weight training can also be associated with socialization processes. No, I'm not saying that you should stop in the middle of your training to talk to that pretty girl or that tall, strong guy ... But I mean that in the gym you will be able to make new friends, meet new people and who will be able to give mental support as well. Having friends is always good, because you never know when you will need something, when you can contribute to something too and because no one can live alone and isolated. Socialization is very important for people with AIDS who often, due to prejudice, feel excluded from society.


AIDS until a few years ago was a TABU, but today, it is a well-studied and well-known disease, whose preventive methods (which are still the best) and forms of treatment (although there is no cure for it) are well understood. by most people.

In this article, we can understand that AIDS patients, if they have their treatment up to date, can, and should, practice bodybuilding, yes, as it will only bring more benefits to it ... Both metabolic, as well as aesthetic, psychological and social.

Good training!

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